- By Bahram Maskanian - August 18, 1992
We, the humankind learn and accumulate our knowledge base, logic and wisdom
in our life span, through the interpretation of our observations.
- Through the interpretation of our observations, we therefore
built and form our perceptions, we make use of our perceptions
to conduct deductive reasoning, followed by rational thinking,
to rationalize in order to make well thought out decisions.
Perception is a sophisticated self-organizing information system.
- Perception is the recognition and interpretation of our sensory
stimuli, based chiefly on our ability to remember the perceived
subjects. - Perception is the neurological processes by which
our recognition, observation and interpretation are affected and
Fact is that 95% of our judgment errors and of our thinking
and decision-making errors are due to the errors of our perceptions.
- But culturally, we have always blamed the logic, not the means
of deceptive presentation, which brought us the wrong logic. -
For example; if we were to observe a subject, without having sufficient
prior background knowledge of that subject, chances are we are
going to take the given information without any examination. And
if the information given is misleading and deceptive, we therefore
will end up forming our perceptions based on lies and deceit.
Rational thinking is an exciting discovery process in an infinite
space of possibilities. We are able to think rationally to find
and reach the optimum solution for any given problem, or hypothesis
in a reasonable space of time. - The process of deductive reasoning,
or good guessing should not be mistaken as rational thinking.
Hypothesis is a tentative explanation that accounts for a set
of facts, which can be tested by further examination, a theory
of something taken to be true for the purposes of deductive reasoning,
assumption and investigation. - Hypothesis is the precursor of
a conditional statement. - Must be noted here that many advanced
cultures have been ruined, due to the lack of creative possibilities,
A healthy rational thinking requires; an adequate attention
span, patience and the ability to focus, to observe, interpret,
perceive and consequently develop logic.
The General Definition of Thinking:
To think is to analyze, examine and sort out information and form
in the mind ideas or opinions, to perform any mental operation,
to reason, to bring to mind or recollect, to determine, resolve
and to work things out.
Thinking is to conceive thoughts and ideas by reasoning, to
form an opinion, to judge, to consider, to employ and to bring
one's intellectual faculties to work, to concentrate one's thoughts
on any given subject.
Thinking is the act of reasoning from factual knowledge and
or evidence. Thinking is to use the mind for processing imagination
and information, to arrive at logical conclusions, from premises
known and or assumed to be true for making imaginative decisions.
To think is to reason about or reflect on, to ponder. Think
how complex is our Milky Way Galaxy. Think the matter through
creatively. To decide by reasoning, reflection or pondering, thinking
what to believe, what to say or what to do.
To think is to judge or regard, look upon. To think is to learn
of, or from, by analyzing what one could learn by thinking about
the newly acquired knowledge, thought, suggestion and or idea,
in order to learn and accept as truth.
Thinking is to call to mind, to remember, to visualize and recall
the images of what was once known to the mind. To think is to
have creative thoughts, to bring a thought to mind by imagination
or invention to devise or evolve to invent by imaginative thinking.
Thinking is to bring one's mind into a given condition by mental
preoccupation, to exercise the power of one's mind by reasoning
and by conceiving ideas, drawing inferences, and using or arriving
to a judgment.
Common sense should be the guide, based on which one could lead
a fruitful, thoughtful and exciting life journey. One should never
make decisions nor implement one's decisions under extreme euphoria,
sadness, resentment or anger. The best condition conducive for
rational thinking is a calm relaxing environment.
Definition of Critical Thinking:
Critical Thinking is characterized by a watchful, exact and repeat
evaluation and judgment, to conduct a serious search, to read
and contemplate before making a decision, or forming an opinion.
- Critical Thinking means to judge severely, coupled with careful
consideration, to investigate and look to find fault, before forming
a judgment, or an estimation. - Critical Thinking is to consider
very, very carefully, at length and evaluate all the angles, before
reaching the crucial and decisive point of decision-making. -
Critical Thinking is to lineup all of the essential critical elements
of the subject matter in question, and cautiously analyze them
one, by one, over, and over again, before deliberating and rendering
The Use of Critical Thinking:
Obviously not all of our daily thought process requires the lengthy
and careful means of Critical Thinking. Only a few decisions that
we need to make through out our lifetime do require Critical Thinking.
- Decisions such as whether or not, one should go to war and kill
people to gain profit and territory. - Decisions such as whether
or not, one should believe in any of the horrifying religions,
tainted by barbarism and blood of millions, killed to preserve
them. - Decisions such as whether or not, one could perhaps look
to find a harmonious all-inclusive alternative, a spiritual philosophy
based on common sense, instead of the mad-men-made, morally corrupt
and divisive Abrahamic religions; Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
- Decisions such as whether or not, we should destroy our one,
and only home, Planet Earth for profit?
To think is to care and have consideration. What do you think?
- - I am, and I can think, therefore I
can change who I am - -
- - I Think Therefore I am - - Rene Descartes